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城市社区空巢老人健康需求及影响因素分析
作者:唐政  李枫   
单位:复旦大学公共卫生学院  
关键词:社区  空巢老人  健康需求  影响因素  
分类号:R195
出版年,卷(期):页码:2009,25(10):757-759
摘要:

目的探索上海市浦东新区洋泾街道社区空巢老人健康需求及其影响因素。方法采用多阶段随机抽样方法,抽取上海市浦东新区洋泾街道813名社区空巢老人进行健康需求问卷调查。结果88.5%的空巢老人功能健康状况正常或生活基本能自理,空巢老人两周患病率为42.9%,空巢老人的慢性病患病率较高,达到65.3%,79.9%的空巢老人受到不同程度的健康危险因素威胁。空巢老人对健康教育与咨询的需求为75.8%,对基础医疗常识的需求达到70.7%,对康复护理的需求为35.6%。空巢老人卫生服务需求的影响因素主要有日常生活能力、文化程度、两周患病率、慢性病患病率、健康危险因素和年龄。结论空巢老人慢性病患病率较高,健康危险因素主要是健康知识匮乏,应开展以慢性病预防、治疗及预防并发症,提供健康知识为主的卫生工作,以满足空巢老人的健康需求

Objective To explore the health demand and influencing factors of old solitary people in Yangjing Sub-district of Pudong New Areas,Shanghai City.Methods With multi-stage random sampling,813 old solitary residents were selected from Yangjing Sub-district of Pudong New Areas to undergo a survey about health demand. Results 88.5% of the participants had normal functional health or took care of themselves basicly.The two-week prevalance rate and chronic disease prevalance rate of the participants were 42.9% and 65.3%,respectively.And 79.9% of them were threatened by the health risk factors certainly.The rates of health demands about health education and consultation,basic medical knowledge,and rehabilitation nursing were 75.8%,70.7%,and 35.6%,respectively.Logistic regression analysis results showed that the influencing factors of health demand of the participants were ADL,education level,two-week prevalence rate,prevalence of chronic diseases,health risk factors,and age.Conclusion The chronic disease prevalence rate of old solitary people was high,and the health risk factor was mainly the lack of health knowledge.Health education should be strengthened to carry out chronic disease prevention,treatment and prevention of complications,and to provide health knowledge with the goal of satisfying the health demand of old solitary people

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