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北京市石景山区中学生吸烟行为流行现状及相关因素分析
作者: 高荷蕊  史平  王丹   
单位:北京市石景山区疾病预防控制中心  
关键词:中学生  吸烟  相关因素  
分类号:R193
出版年,卷(期):页码:2011,27(7):513-516
摘要:

 目的了解北京市石景山区中学生的吸烟行为流行状况及其相关因素,为在中学生中开展控烟干预活动提供依据。方法采用典型抽样方法,抽取石景山区6所中学,各学校再以班级为单位进行整群随机抽样,抽取若干班级,对所抽取班级的全体学生共计1252人进行《中国青少年健康相关行为调查问卷》调查。描述中学生的吸烟行为流行状况,采用单因素和非条件Logistic回归分析进行相关因素分析。结果北京市石景山区中学生吸烟率为9.71%。Logistic回归分析显示影响中学生吸烟行为的因素有性别、年龄、母亲学历、学习成绩、玩电子游戏时间每天超过4小时、打架斗殴、重度饮酒等。结论北京市石景山区中学生吸烟率低于2005年全国青少年和该区2002年的中学生吸烟率,但仍高于部分国内其他省市的有关报道。因此应重视中学生的吸烟行为,尽早采取科学合理的措施预防中学生吸烟,尤其对中学生吸烟行为的影响因素要进行重点干预

Objective To understand the prevalence and the influencing factors of smoking among middle school students in Shijingshan District of Beijing City,and to provide bases for smoking cessation programs among students.Methods 1252 students were investigated by using "Health-related Risk Behaviors Inventory for Chinese Adolescents",with a cluster random sample from 6 middle schools by typical sampling technology in Shijingshan District.The prevalence of smoking was described and related factors were assessed by single factor analysis and non-conditional logistic regression analysis.Results Among the middle school students in Shijingshan District of Beijing City,smoking rate was 9.71%.Logistic regression analysis indicated that the influencing factors of smoking were sex,age,maternal education background,learning achievement,the time of playing video games over 4 hours a day,fighting,heavy alcohol consumption,et al.Conclusion The smoking rate among the middle school students in Shijingshan District of Beijing City is lower than nationwide adolescents’in 2005 and themselves’ in 2002,but is still higher than that of other domestic reportages.So the smoking among middle school students should be emphasized,and early scientific and sound measures should be taken to prevent smoking.Especially,the influencing factors of smoking among middle school students should be intervened weightily.

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