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北京市公务员超重、肥胖及生活方式调查
作者: 赵芳红  刘敏  万国锋  李英华   
单位:北京市疾病预防控制中心  中国疾病预防控制中心  中国健康教育中心(卫生部新闻宣传中心)  
关键词:超重  肥胖  生活方式  公务员  
分类号:R195
出版年,卷(期):页码:2012,28(1):87-90
摘要:

目的了解北京市公务员的超重、肥胖及生活方式状况,为相关干预措施的开展提供理论依据。方法本调查采取普查的方式,对49家北京市机关在编的全体公务员进行自填式问卷调查。结果被调查公务员中,超重率为37.3%,肥胖率为9.1%。超重肥胖者的总吸烟率是55.3%,其中男性吸烟率66.8%,女性吸烟率5.2%,51~60岁人群吸烟率最高;超重和肥胖者中几乎每天都饮酒的占9.6%,男性饮酒的频率高于女性,年龄较大者高于年龄较小者。在体育锻炼方面,超重和肥胖的调查者中仅有23.0%进行规律的体育锻炼,年长者进行规律锻炼的比例明显高于年轻者;公务员中超重肥胖者每天静坐6小时以上者占42.2%,女性、年龄较小者静坐时间长;其平均睡眠时间为6.8小时;25.2%的被调查者最近两周有不能排解的心理压力,年龄越小者报告最近两周有不能排解的心理压力的比例越大。多因素Logistic回归分析显示:吸烟、高频率饮酒和高频率油炸食品的摄入是超重/肥胖的危险因素,而常进行体育锻炼、新鲜水果的摄入则是保护因素。结论北京市公务员中超重、肥胖患病率较高,普遍存在着行为、饮食方面的不良习惯,应该尽快采取综合措施,开展针对性干预措施。

Objective To understand the overweight/obesity status and lifestyle among civil servants in Beijing.Methods All of the civil servants of 49 government agencies which located in Beijing were investigated.Results The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity of the participants were 37.3% and 9.1%.The rates of smoking among overweight and obesity civil servants were 55.3%,and 66.8% for males,5.2% for females.The persons which were 51-60 years old had higher smoking rate than any other age steps.9.6% of overweight and obesity civil servants almost drank every day,and older were senior than younger.On the condition of physical exercising,only 23.0% of overweight and obesity investigators exercise regularly,and the rates of the male and the older were better than those of the female and the younger.42.2% of them were sitting more than 6 hours every day,and the females and the older were sitting more time.The average sleeping time was 6.8 hours per day.Uncomfortable pressure was existed among 25.2% of overweight and obesity investigators,and the rate of the younger were senior than that of older.Multi-logistic regression showed that smoking,drinking,highly oil contained diet were risk factors of overweight and obesity,and active physical exercise and highly vegetable contained diet were protective factors of overweight and obesity.Conclusion The prevalence of overweight and obesity is high among civil servants in Beijing.There are bad habits of behaviors and diets among them.Comprehensive measures should be taken to deal with overweight and obesity. 

基金项目:
科技部863项目(2008AA02Z403)
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